Provenance Research

Jean Baptiste Camille Corot (1796-1875)
Ruins of the Château of Pierrefonds, ca. 1830-35, reworked ca. 1866-67
Oil on canvas
29 5/16 x 41 7/8 in. (74.5 x 106.4 cm)
Gift of Emilie L. Heine in memory of Mr. and Mrs. John Hauck, 1940.965

Signed lower left: "Corot"

Landscape with a castle on a hill in the central middle ground. In the foreground two figures are in a boat that is docked along the edge of a river beside a forest. A town is visible in the right distance.

Alternate Titles:
Castle and Forest, Lombardy
Castle of Pierrefonds


1867:   De Drouillard, Paris
    Mélas, Hôtel Drouot, Paris
    (Galerie Georges Petit, Paris)
Until April 2, 1902:   Collection Francis Otto Matthiessen, New York, sold in F. O. Matthiessen sale, American Art Galleries, New York, April 1 and 2, 1902, lot 52, to
April 2, 1902-?:   John D. Crimmins, New York [1]
By at least September, 1935:   Possibly Thomas Weitemeyer, New York [2]
Before 1940:   (Probably John Levy Galleries, New York, or Schneider-Gabriel Galleries, New York, probably sold to [3])
By at least 1940-1949:   Emilie L. Heine, Cincinnati, given with life interest to [4]
1949-present:   Cincinnati Art Museum

[1] John D. Crimmins is listed as the buyer in the "Spirited Bidding for Some of the Paintings of the F. O. Matthiessen Collection," New York Times, April 2, 1902.

[2] According to the Museum's records, the painting was exhibited in 1935 at the Staten Island Institute of Art and Sciences. Correspondence with the Institute indicates that the only exhibition that included Corot paintings was held during September 1935. Although no checklist or catalogue remains, a notation in the Institute's bulletin lists the artists who were represented in the exhibition and also identifies Thomas Weitemeyer as the lender of all the paintings. Correspondence, May 16, 2000.

[3] Albert K. Schneider worked as Emile L. Heine's dealer for many years. He and Gilbert Gabriel worked with John Levy for approximately twenty-five years before opening their own gallery, Schneider-Gabriel Galleries, in 1938. In 1940 Heine gave a collection of paintings to the CAM with life interest reserved. Schneider-Gabriel Galleries was requested by the CAM to send detailed information on the works that Heine acquired through Schneider-Gabriel Galleries or John Levy Galleries. The provenance information sent by Schneider-Gabriel Galleries does not offer specific dates of sale, nor does it clarify if Heine purchased the paintings from them or from John Levy Galleries. See: Art Digest, October 1, 1938, p. 11; correspondence, May 25, 1940, July 5, 1940, and October 10, 1949, Heine collection file; Schneider-Gabriel Galleries booklet, no. 40, Heine collection file.

[4] Emilie L. Heine, a collector with a penchant for the Barbizon school, began collecting art around 1912 and continued until the mid-1940s. The majority of the paintings were acquired for her Cincinnati home during the 1920s and 1930s, but specific dates of purchase for most are unknown. Heine gave this painting and numerous others to the CAM with life interest reserved in 1940. The Heine collection came to the CAM after her death in 1949.

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