Provenance Research

Jules Dupré (1811-1889)
A Summer Landscape, ca. 1835-40
Oil on canvas
29 x 37 in. (73.7 x 94 cm)
Gift of Emilie L. Heine in memory of Mr. and Mrs. John Hauck, 1940.973

Signed lower left: "Jules Dupré"

A landscape depicting a stream in the center, a group of trees on the right, a woman walking up a hill on the far right, and a meadow on the left. In the distance are mountains.

Alternate Titles:
Le Ruisseau
Paysage d'été
Vue Prise de Coussac (Haute-Vienne)


Until March 29, 1886:   Auguste Courtin, sold at Courtin sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, March 29, 1886, lot 48
    Fop Smit, Amsterdam
By at least 1911-February 12-14, 1913 [1]:   Matthew Challoner Durfee Borden [1842-1912], sold at Borden sale, American Art Association, New York, February 12-14, 1913, lot 67, sold to
February 12-14, 1913-?:   (Boussod-Valadon & Cie., Paris [2])
    (Durand-Ruel, Paris)
    (M. Knoedler & Co., New York)
    Geraldine Rockefeller Dodge [1882-1973], Madison, New Jersey [3]
    Possibly John Hanck [4]
Before 1940:   (Probably John Levy Galleries, New York, or Schneider-Gabriel Galleries, New York, probably sold to [5])
By at least 1940-1949:   Emilie L. Heine, Cincinnati, given with life interest to [6]
1949-present:   Cincinnati Art Museum

[1] Wilhelm R. Valentiner and August F. Jaccaci, Old and Modern Masters in the Collection of M. C. D. Borden, New York, 1911, p. 82, as Landscape.

[2] Boussoud, Valadon & Cie. is indicated as the buyer at the Borden sale in Art News, February 15, 1913, p. 9 and February 22, p. 13. A handwritten notation in an annotated copy of the Borden sale catalogue at the Frick Art Reference Library, New York, also identifies B. V. & Cie. as the purchaser.

[3] For biographical information see Barbara J. Mitnick, Geraldine Rockefeller Dodge, Morristown, NJ: Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, 2000.

[4] John Hanck is recorded as an owner of the painting in two sources: Jacques Thuillier, Jules Dupré 1811-1889 catalogue raisonné de l'Œuvre peint, dessiné et grave, Paris: Léonce Laget, 1974, p. 57, no. 71; and Lisa A. Simpson, From Arcadia to Barbizon: A Journey in French Landscape Painting, Memphis, TN: Dixon Gallery and Gardens, 1987, no. 41. Nothing is known about John Hanck; however, there is a possibility that the name may have been confused with that of John Hauck [1829-1896] the father of Emilie L. Heine. The painting's credit line includes a memorial to Hauck, but he never owned the painting.

[5] Albert K. Schneider worked as Emilie L. Heine's dealer for many years. He and Gilbert Gabriel worked with John Levy for approximately twenty-five years before opening their own gallery, Schneider-Gabriel Galleries, in 1938. In 1940 Heine gave a collection of paintings to the CAM with life interest reserved. Schneider-Gabriel Galleries was requested by the CAM to send detailed information on the works that Heine acquired through the Schneider-Gabriel Galleries or John Levy Galleries. The provenance information sent by Schneider-Gabriel Galleries does not offer specific dates of sale, nor does it clarify if Heine purchased the paintings from them or from John Levy Galleries. See: Art Digest, October 1, 1938, p.11; correspondence, May 25, 1940, July 5, 1940, and October 10, 1949, Heine collection file; Schneider-Gabriel Galleries booklet, no. 30, Heine collection file.

[6] Emilie L. Heine, a collector with a penchant for the Barbizon school, began collecting art around 1912 and continued until the mid-1940s. The majority of the paintings were acquired for her Cincinnati home during the 1920s and 1930s, but specific dates of purchase for most are unknown. Heine gave this painting and numerous others to the CAM with life interest reserved in 1940. The Heine collection came to the CAM after her death in 1949.

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